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Brain Injury

Siskin Hospital's Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program

At Siskin Hospital, we understand the uncertainty and fear caused by a traumatic event. By setting realistic goals and employing state-of-the-art rehabilitation interventions and technologies, we create an environment where hope thrives and new doors of possibility are opened.
The brain is the command center of the body, constantly issuing instructions and processing information through a complicated web of nerve cells that route messages to specific parts of the brain to regulate functions like breathing, heart rate, behavior, etc. When the brain is injured, the web of nerve cells carrying information is damaged, often changing the way a person thinks, moves, and behaves. 

Siskin Hospital treats both traumatic and non-traumatic brain injuries.
Acquired brain injury is defined as an insult to the brain that affects its structure or function, resulting in impairments of cognition, communication, physical function, or psychosocial behavior. Acquired brain injury includes both traumatic and non-traumatic brain injury. Acquired brain injury does not include brain injuries that are congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma.

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) include open head injuries, such as a gunshot wound or other penetrating injury, and closed head injuries, such as blunt trauma, acceleration/deceleration injury, and blast injury.

Non-Traumatic Brain Injuries include those caused by strokes, non-traumatic hemorrhage, tumor, infectious diseases, hypoxic injuries, metabolic disorders, and toxic exposure.

Read about the journey of a Traumatic Brain Injury patient: Because of Siskin Hospital, I can care for your pets.

The Inpatient Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program at Siskin Hospital is specifically designed to help prepare you to function safely at home and in the community so you can most fully participate in life. 

The Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program Features:


The Brain Injury Unit

The Brain Injury Unit at Siskin Hospital is a newly-designed, state-of-the-art unit featuring 22 private rooms specializing in the care and rehabilitation of brain injury patients.

Enhanced Safety and Security
  • Located on a secured unit of the hospital with secure and private access
  • Low beds for accessibility to minimize risk of fall or injury
  • Safety monitoring system
  • Closed circuit video monitoring in each room and throughout the unit, ensuring patient safety
Exceptional Patient Care
  • Physiatrists board-certified in Brain Injury Medicine
  • Skilled nursing staff specially trained for care of brain injury patients
  • Certified Brain Injury Specialists (Siskin Hospital has the largest number of CBIS staff in the area!)
  • Board-certified and board-eligible neuropsychologists
Exclusive Design
  • Large private rooms with open floor plans
Multi-Sensory Environment

Treatment Team

Each patient is evaluated by an experienced Brain Injury Treatment Team that is specially trained in brain injury rehabilitation. Close medical oversight will be provided with the leadership of a board-certified physiatrist who has extensive experience in brain injury rehabilitation. 


Learn more about the Certified Brain Injury Specialists at Siskin Hospital. 

Together with the family, professionals in the fields of Rehabilitation Nursing, Speech-Language Pathology,  Psychology,  Case Management, Physical and Occupational Therapies, as well as Clinical Nutrition and Vocational Counseling,work with the patient to achieve the best outcome possible.   

Intensive one-on-one therapy sessions scheduled according to the patient's level of tolerance will be designed to meet individual goals. Additionally, close psychological and neuropsychological management may include neuropsychological testing, cognitive retraining, adjustment counseling, and family counseling. Learn more about Psychological Services.

An essential important member of the treatment team is the family. Extensive education, training and resources for patients and their caregivers will help them to understand and manage the conditions related to brain injury, decrease environmental barriers, and promote self-advocacy. Family members are encouraged to collaborate with the patient's treatment team to provide information about the patient's personality, lifestyle, and hopes.


The goals of the program are specific to each patient and injury, but overall are aimed at restoring, enhancing, and supporting the patient's maximum level of independence.


Through Inpatient, SubAcute, Outpatient, the Center for NeuroRecovery and Vocational Rehabilitation Programs, Siskin Hospital offers comprehensive rehabilitation at every level of treatment, from initial therapy to returning the patient to the community, school, or work.

Components of Care

Because the brain is the body's central control center, brain injuries and the subsequent recovery can be complicated. Our program is designed to address every critical component from preparation to continued treatment in our Outpatient Therapy Services or Community Re-Entry Programs.

Patients initially focus on relearning daily living skills. The individualized treatment plan is adjusted according to the patient's lifestyle and personal goals. Daily living goals may include nutrition, dressing and personal care, mobility, communication, problem solving, vision, perception, leisure activities, and returning to work or school.

Rehabilitation nurses with knowledge of and experience with specific illnesses or disabilities provide patient care. They work closely with the physiatrist and referring physician to manage medical issues and high-risk factors. Psychologists provide behavioral care to those living with neurologic, physical and psychological disorders to help them attain their highest level of cognitive, emotional and functional independence.

A Clinical Dietitian develops a nutritional plan based on personal preference and medical, texture, and religious restrictions. A Speech-Language Pathologist provides evaluation and treatment of chewing, swallowing, and speech disorders. The treatment team also identifies adaptive devices that are needed.

Because brain injury can affect normal functioning of muscles, therapists provide intervention to prevent further muscle damage. Therapists move the patient's body in ways that provide therapeutic benefits working to restore posture, muscle function, coordination, and balance.

Every clinician integrates a number of techniques into therapy to improve the patient's thinking, reasoning, memory, communication, understanding, and problem solving, but Speech-Language Pathologists, Occupational Therapists and Psychologists are the clinicians most involved in this process.

An Occupational Therapist assesses the patient's visual skills and utilizes a variety of rehabilitation technologies and compensatory strategies.

Physical therapists help patients improve their strength, endurance, flexibility, coordination, and balance through evaluations and physical interventions. They assess the need for specialized equipment that will give the patient maxiumum mobility and independence.

To return to community living, patients participate in planned outings, using their newly acquired adaptive equipment, to confront obstacles in the community and learn strategies to overcome these barriers.

Additionally, patients in the Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program will have access to a specialized Wheelchair Seating and Positioning Clinic and an on-site Spasticity Clinic. The latest in equipment and treatment modalities for brain injury rehabilitation will be used. Learn more about Siskin Hospital's Special Equipment.



Siskin Hospital also offers additional services to help continue the recovery process after returning home:

Siskin Hospital's Center for NeuroRecovery

Outpatient Therapy Services at Siskin Hospital

Vocational Services at Siskin Hospital 

Fitness Program at The Fitness Center at Siskin Hospital

Chattanooga Area Brain Injury Association Support Groups at Siskin Hospital

The Brain Injury Association of America

The Brain Injury Resource Center


Learn about additional resources.