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Brain Injury

Siskin Hospital's Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program

At Siskin Hospital, we understand the uncertainty and fear caused by a traumatic event. By setting realistic goals and working hard to help the patient achieve them, we create a situation where hope thrives and new doors of possibility are opened.
The brain is the command center of the body, constantly issuing instructions and processing information through a complicated web of nerve cells that route messages to specific parts of the brain to regulate functions like breathing, heart rate, behavior, etc. When the brain is injured, the web of nerve cells carrying information is damaged, often changing the way a person thinks, moves, and behaves. 

Siskin Hospital treats two types of brain injuries: traumatic and non-traumatic. Both types are acquired, meaning they are not inherited, present at birth, nor are the result of brain degeneration.


Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs), can either be penetrating, like a gunshot, or non-penetrating, like a blow to the head.

Penetrating wounds cause shearing, stretching, and rupturing of the brain tissue and are further complicated when fragments of the penetrating object, hair, and bone enter the brain. Non-penetrating wounds are the result of the brain moving within the skull or twisting.

Non-Traumatic Brain Injuries occur when the brain is deprived of oxygen.

This type of injury occurs as a result of stroke, heart attack, exposure to toxic materials, or airway obstruction. Unlike TBIs, where damage occurs at the point of impact, non-traumatic injuries can affect cells throughout the entire brain.

Read about the journey of a Traumatic Brain Injury patient: Because of Siskin Hospital, I can care for your pets.

The Inpatient Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program at Siskin Hospital is specifically designed to help prepare you to function safely at home and in the community so you can most fully participate in life. 

The Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program Features:


The Brain Injury Unit

The Brain Injury Unit at Siskin Hospital is a newly-designed, state-of-the-art unit featuring 15 private rooms specializing in the care and rehabilitation of brain injury patients.

Enhanced Safety and Security
  • Located in a secured wing of the hospital with secure and private access
  • Low beds for accessibility to minimize risk of fall or injury
  • Closed circuit monitoring in each room and throughout the unit, ensuring patient safety
Exceptional Patient Care
  • Skilled nursing staff specially trained for care of brain injury patients
  • Independent nurses station, providing care for the Brain Injury Unit only
  • Comprehensive collaborative care between nursing and therapy staff
Exclusive Design
  • Large private rooms with open floor plans
  • Private bath in each room
  • Table and chairs in each room
  • Small sofa or reclining chair for family overnight stay
  • TVs mounted higher for easy viewing
  • Newly-designed nursing call system that eliminates disruptive paging
Multi-Sensory Environments
  • Two rooms dedicated to a multi-sensory experience
  • Each environment is used to either engage or relax an individual
  • Therapeutic tool that positively affects the nervous system by stimulating the primary senses
  • Read more about the Siskin Hospital Multi-Sensory Environment

Treatment Team

Each patient is evaluated by an experienced Brain Injury Treatment Team that is specially trained in brain injury rehabilitation. Close medical oversight will be provided with the leadership of a physiatrist who has extensive experience in brain injury rehabilitation. 


Learn more about the Certified Brain Injury Specialists at Siskin Hospital. 

Together with the family, professionals in the fields of Rehabilitation Nursing, Speech-Language Pathology, Clinical Nutrition, Psychology, Vocational Counseling, Case Management, as well as Physical and Occupational Therapies work with the patient to achieve the best outcome possible.   

Intensive one-on-one therapy sessions scheduled according to the patient's level of tolerance will be designed to meet individual goals. Additionally, close psychological and neuropsychological management may include neuropsychological testing, cognitive retraining, adjustment counseling, and family counseling. Learn more about Psychological Services.

One of the most important members of the treatment team is the family. Extensive education, training and resources for patients and their caregivers will help them to understand and manage the conditions related to brain injury, decrease environmental barriers, and promote self-advocacy. Family members are encouraged to work with the patient's treatment team to provide information about the patient's personality, lifestyle, and hopes.


The goals of the program are specific to each patient and injury, but overall are aimed at restoring, enhancing, and supporting the patient's maximum level of independence.


Through Inpatient, SubAcute, Outpatient, the Center for NeuroRecovery and Vocational Rehabilitation Programs, Siskin Hospital offers comprehensive rehabilitation at every level of treatment, from initial therapy to returning the patient to the community, school, or work.

Components of Care

Because the brain is the body's central control center, brain injuries and the subsequent recovery can be complicated. Our program is designed to address every critical component from preparation to continued treatment in our Outpatient Therapy Services or Community Re-Entry Programs.

Patients initially focus on relearning daily living skills. The individualized treatment plan is adjusted according to the patient's lifestyle and personal goals. Daily living goals may include nutrition, dressing and personal care, mobility, communication, problem solving, vision, perception, leisure activities, and returning to work or school. A Clinical Dietician develops a nutritional plan based on personal preference and medical, texture, and religious restrictions. A Speech-Language Pathologist provides evaluation and treatment of chewing, swallowing, and speech disorders. The treatment team also identifies adaptive devices that are needed.

Because brain injury can affect normal functioning of muscles, therapists provide intervention to prevent further muscle damage. Therapists move the patient's body in ways that provide therapeutic benefits working to restore posture, muscle function, coordination, and balance.

Every clinician integrates a number of techniques into therapy to improve the patient's thinking, reasoning, memory, communication, understanding, and problem solving, but Speech-Language Pathologists, Occupational Therapists and Psychologists are the clinicians most involved in this process.

An Occupational Therapist assesses the patient's visual skills and will teach ways to improve this function. This can be accomplished with additional lighting, magnification, and practice.

To return to community living, patients participate in planned outings, using their newly acquired adaptive equipment, to confront obstacles in the community and learn strategies to overcome these barriers.

Additionally, patients in the Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program will have access to a specialized Wheelchair Seating and Positioning Clinic and an on-site Spasticity Clinic. The latest in equipment and treatment modalities for brain injury rehabilitation will be used. Learn more about Siskin Hospital's Special Equipment.



Siskin Hospital also offers additional services to help continue the recovery process after returning home:

Siskin Hospital's Center for NeuroRecovery

Outpatient Therapy Services at Siskin Hospital

Vocational Services at Siskin Hospital 

Fitness Program at The Fitness Center at Siskin Hospital

Chattanooga Area Brain Injury Association Support Groups at Siskin Hospital

The Brain Injury Association of America

The Brain Injury Resource Center


Learn about additional resources.